hbase RowFilter

RowFilter用于过滤row key

Operator Description
LESS 小于
LESS_OR_EQUAL 小于等于
EQUAL 等于
NOT_EQUAL 不等于
GREATER_OR_EQUAL 大于等于
GREATER 大于
NO_OP 排除所有

 

Comparator Description
BinaryComparator 使用Bytes.compareTo()比较
BinaryPrefixComparator 和BinaryComparator差不多,从前面开始比较
NullComparator Does not compare against an actual value but whether a given one is null, or not null.
BitComparator Performs a bitwise comparison, providing a BitwiseOp class with ANDOR, and XOR operators.
RegexStringComparator 正则表达式
SubstringComparator 把数据当成字符串,用contains()来判断

 

 

import java.io.IOException;
 
import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HBaseAdmin;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Put;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Result;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.ResultScanner;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Scan;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.BinaryComparator;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.BinaryPrefixComparator;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.CompareFilter;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.Filter;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.RegexStringComparator;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.RowFilter;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.filter.SubstringComparator;
 
public class TestHbaseRowFilter {
	String tableName = "test_row_filter";
	Configuration config = HBaseConfiguration.create();
 
	/**
	 * 部分代码来自hbase权威指南
	 * @throws IOException
	 */
	public void testRowFilter() throws IOException {
 
		HTable table = new HTable(config, tableName);
		Scan scan = new Scan();
 
		System.out.println("小于等于row010的行");
		Filter filter1 = new RowFilter(CompareFilter.CompareOp.LESS_OR_EQUAL,
				new BinaryComparator("row010".getBytes()));
		scan.setFilter(filter1);
		ResultScanner scanner1 = table.getScanner(scan);
		for (Result res : scanner1) {
			System.out.println(res);
		}
		scanner1.close();
 
		System.out.println("正则获取结尾为5的行");
		Filter filter2 = new RowFilter(CompareFilter.CompareOp.EQUAL,
				new RegexStringComparator(".*5$"));
		scan.setFilter(filter2);
		ResultScanner scanner2 = table.getScanner(scan);
		for (Result res : scanner2) {
			System.out.println(res);
		}
		scanner2.close();
 
		System.out.println("包行有5的行");
		Filter filter3 = new RowFilter(CompareFilter.CompareOp.EQUAL,
				new SubstringComparator("5"));
		scan.setFilter(filter3);
		ResultScanner scanner3 = table.getScanner(scan);
		for (Result res : scanner3) {
			System.out.println(res);
		}
		scanner3.close();
 
		System.out.println("开头是row01的");
		Filter filter4 = new RowFilter(CompareFilter.CompareOp.EQUAL,
				new BinaryPrefixComparator("row01".getBytes()));
		scan.setFilter(filter4);
		ResultScanner scanner4 = table.getScanner(scan);
		for (Result res : scanner4) {
			System.out.println(res);
		}
		scanner3.close();
	}
 
	/**
	 * 初始化数据
	 */
	public void init() {
		// 创建表和初始化数据
		try {
			HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(config);
			if (!admin.tableExists(tableName)) {
				HTableDescriptor htd = new HTableDescriptor(tableName);
				HColumnDescriptor hcd1 = new HColumnDescriptor("data");
				htd.addFamily(hcd1);
				HColumnDescriptor hcd2 = new HColumnDescriptor("url");
				htd.addFamily(hcd2);
 
				admin.createTable(htd);
			}
 
			HTable table = new HTable(config, tableName);
 
			table.setAutoFlush(false);
			int count = 50;
			for (int i = 1; i <= count; ++i) {
				Put p = new Put(String.format("row%03d", i).getBytes());
				p.add("data".getBytes(), String.format("col%01d", i % 10)
						.getBytes(), String.format("data%03d", i).getBytes());
				p.add("url".getBytes(), String.format("col%01d", i % 10)
						.getBytes(), String.format("url%03d", i).getBytes());
				table.put(p);
			}
			table.close();
 
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
 
	/**
	 * @param args
	 * @throws IOException
	 */
	public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
		TestHbaseRowFilter test = new TestHbaseRowFilter();
		test.init();
		test.testRowFilter();
	}
 
}

输出结果

小于等于row010的行
keyvalues={row001/data:col1/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row001/url:col1/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row002/data:col2/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row002/url:col2/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row003/data:col3/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row003/url:col3/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row004/data:col4/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row004/url:col4/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row005/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row005/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row006/data:col6/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row006/url:col6/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row007/data:col7/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row007/url:col7/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row008/data:col8/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row008/url:col8/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row009/data:col9/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row009/url:col9/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row010/data:col0/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row010/url:col0/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
正则获取结尾为5的行
keyvalues={row005/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row005/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row015/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row015/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row025/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row025/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row035/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row035/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row045/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row045/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
包行有5的行
keyvalues={row005/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row005/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row015/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row015/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row025/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row025/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row035/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row035/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row045/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row045/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row050/data:col0/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row050/url:col0/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
开头是row01的
keyvalues={row010/data:col0/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row010/url:col0/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row011/data:col1/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row011/url:col1/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row012/data:col2/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row012/url:col2/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row013/data:col3/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row013/url:col3/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row014/data:col4/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row014/url:col4/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row015/data:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row015/url:col5/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row016/data:col6/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row016/url:col6/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row017/data:col7/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row017/url:col7/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row018/data:col8/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row018/url:col8/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}
keyvalues={row019/data:col9/1364133382268/Put/vlen=7, row019/url:col9/1364133382268/Put/vlen=6}

参考

hbase权威指南




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